EMERGENCY FIRST AID




Introduction

First aid is defined as the ‘help given to a sick or injured person until full medical treatment is available’. The Health and Safety Regulations 1981 require an employer to provide suitable first aid cover in the workplace. In addition, to be a Sports Therapist and insured by The Society Of Sports Therapists you have to attain an in-date first aid certificate. On Monday I spent the day renewing mine! Below is just a pocket of what we learnt and what I think is important for us all to know!


Responsibilities of a first aider

Assessing the situation

  • Work out what has happened

  • Count the number of causalities

  • Look for the history, signs, and symptoms

Protecting from danger

  • Assess for further dangers

  • Protect yourself first, then protect others

Getting help

  • Ask bystanders for assistance

  • Work out what help is needed

  • Call for help (or as a bystander to call)

  • Recognise your own limits

Prioritising treatment

  • Treat the most urgent thing first

  • Treat the most urgent person first

  • Offer support and comfort

Minimising infection risks

  • Where possible; were PPE, wear a face mask, wash hands, cover your own cuts, dispose contaminated waste, use in-date dressings

Prioritising treatment

We need a constant supply of oxygen to survive. The priorities of treatment are making sure oxygen gets into the blood and that the blood carries it to the brain. Using DRSABC (DoctoRSABCD) enables you to remember the primary survey sequence when needing to treat life-threatening conditions. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) should be performed to elicit circulation of blood around the body. If a defibrillator arrives switch it on. It should tell you step by step how to use the machine and whether it differs for a child.


First Aid Facts

  1. CPR performed solely by itself without the assistance of a defibrillator machine has a 12-15% survival rate.

  2. CPR compressions only, without the breaths has a survival rate of 5-7%.

  3. CPR with the use of a defibrillator has 82% chance of survival.

  4. To before CPR it is 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths (if breaths are not performed due to PPE/preference compressions should be continuous).

  5. Compressions should be hard & fast performing 100-120 compressions per minute.

  6. Compressions should be 6cm deep into the chest.

  7. If the recovery position is needed for a pregnant woman they should, where possible, aim to be rolled & laying on their left side due to important blood vessels.

Recovery Position

  1. Move the arm nearest you outwards, elbow bent with palm up

  2. Grasp the far leg just above the knee and pull it up, keeping the foot on the ground. Hold the knee with your nearest hand

  3. With your other hand, grasp the casualty’s far hand palm to palm. Bring their hand across the chest and hold against their cheek

  4. Keeping the casualty’s hand pressed against their cheek pull the leg to roll them toward you, onto their side

  5. Adjust the upper leg so that the hip and knee are bend at the right angles

  6. Make sure the head is tilted and facing downwards to allow fluids to drain from the mouth

  7. Call 999/112 for emergency

Thank you for reading this weeks blog! I would highly recommend, whether you need it for work or not, completing a first aid course. You never know when someone may need your help or worse still, you may need someones help.


Take care,


Liv

BSc Hons Sports Therapy MSST

MSc Strength and Conditioning

07761887778

olivia@injuryrecoverycentre.co.uk

www.injuryrecoverycentre.co.uk

@injuryrecoverycentre



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